Stainless Steel Types


Stainless Steel Types

There are Four Different Types of Stainless Steel

  1. Ferritic Stainless Steel

Containing small amounts of carbon to Chromium based on ferritic stainless steel , hem karbon hem de düşük alaşımlı çeliklere benzer bir mikro yapıya sahiptir. İçeriğinde %12 ile %18 aralığında kromiçermektedir. Diğer paslanmaz çelik türleriyle karşılaştırıldığında, kaynaklardaki tokluk olmayışı nedeniyle nispeten ince bölümlerin kullanılmasıyla sınırlıdır. Bununla birlikte, müteahhitler kaynak gerektirmeyen çok çeşitli uygulamalar için ferritik paslanmaz çelik kullanmaktadır. Ek olarak, ferritik çeliği by heat treatment You cannot harden. However, when you add the addition of Molybdenum, you can use it in seawater or other in difficult conditions you can use. Ferritic stainless steel is also magnetic, but cannot be formed as easily as austenitic stainless steel. Grades 409 ,430 are examples of ferritric stainless steel. On the other hand, ferritic stainless steel is among the most preferred types of stainless steel.

  1. austenitic stainless steel

Austenitic stainless steel is one of the most widely used types of stainless steel on this list. It has a microstructure with the addition of Nitrogen, Nickel and Manganese. The structure of austenitic stainless steel is very close to that of ordinary steel. But only at a much higher temperature, which provides formability and weldability. Also, austenitic stainless steel can be made resistant to corrosion by adding nitrogen, chromium, and molybdenum. Although you cannot heat harden, austenitic stainless steel is an auxiliary when hardened to high strength. satiety and ductility has the ability to maintain its level. Typical austenitic stainless steel is susceptible to stress corrosion cracking, but high nickel content austenitic stainless steel has increased resistance to stress corrosion cracking. Nominally non-magnetic, dstenitic stainless steelshows some magnetic response, depending on its composition. Weldability featuremost preferred due to stainless steel typeStop. Stainless steel grades such as 309,310,314 304 304L 303 are examples.

  1. Martensitic stainless steel

to ferritic stainless steel similarly, having high levels of Carbon over Chromium martensitic stainless steel soles. Similar to carbon and low alloy steels, you can temper and harden martensitic stainless steel. Where moderate corrosion resistance and high strength are required, we can use martensitic stainless steel. It has low formability and weldability, as it is counted among the magnetic types of stainless steel. Companies are very well preferred for long products that require martensitic stainless steel, sheet and plate form. Martensitic stainless steel It is a type of stainless steel used in places where wear is high due to its high wear resistance.

  1. Duplex Stainless Steel

With a microstructure of semi-austenitic and semi-ferritic duplex stainless steel , has higher strength than these types of stainless steel. Duplex stainless steels are characterized by high chromium content (% 20.1-25.4) and low nickel content (% 1.4–7) compared to austenitic grades. It is also resistant to stress corrosion cracking. “Lean” duplex stainless steel, normal austenitic stainless steelIt is designed to have similar corrosion resistance. However, corrosion cracking includes increased resistance to stress and durability. “Super duplex” stainless steel it also has increased corrosion resistance and durability compared to normal austenitic stainless steel. It can also be welded as long as you take care to use the correct heat input and welding consumables. Duplex stainless steel it is also magnetic with moderate formability.

  • High strength and toughness
  • Very good corrosion resistance
  • good weldability
  • Light
  • Magnetic

Molybdenum (% 0.3-4) and nitrogen are added to increase corrosion resistance, while nitrogen also increases strength. Duplex grades LDX 2101 and 2304 are sometimes referred to as bare duplex grades, while duplex grades 2507 and 4501 are also referred to as 25Cr superduplex grades. Due to their ferrite content, duplex grades are magnetic.

Stainless steel is a popular and affordable choice for a wide variety of products. In fact, half of all stainless steel produced is used in the products we see, touch and use every day in our homes, offices, hospitals and cars. These products include everything from kitchen appliances to auto bodies and railings to architectural trim. But what exactly is stainless steel? And which stainless steels are most commonly used in everyday products? To answer these questions, let's look at the most common types of stainless steel and the characteristics of each.


Stainless steel typesis a material of many different types and qualities. This article will guide you through the difference between the two most popular types, SS316 and SS304.

Stainless steel has been used in the foodstuffs industry for many years and is fully licensed. It is the material of choice for those who want to achieve resistance to corrosion or stability of the environment while taking advantage of the natural properties of this metal.

The most widely used of the stainless and heat resistant steels, 304 offers good corrosion resistance to many chemical abrasives as well as industrial environments. 304 Stainless Steel has very good formability and can be easily welded by all common methods. 304/304L dual certified.

Genuine stainless production began in 1910 at Krupp Ironworks in Germany, and in 1912 an American factory was established near Newark, New Jersey. Two of the lesser-known but more interesting applications for stainless steel are made of Krupp material: the first was a tank designed by Colonel J. Walter Christie in 1929; the second was an experimental bike made by Colonel RE. This is also old. These pioneers showed that stainless steel holds promise for even more technical applications.

Stainless steel is a general term that describes different types of corrosion resistant steel. There are various stainless steel grades, types and surface finishes produced to adapt to the environment in which the material will be applied. Stainless steel is ideal where strength, high temperature resistance and/or corrosion resistance are important.

Stainless steel can be pinged or bent back and forth into a curved shape. The surface consists of a thin layer of chromium oxide. It should not be scratched or peeled off to protect against corrosion.

Stainless steel is a general term for a family of corrosion resistant steels. Like many scientific discoveries, the origin of stainless steel lies in an accidental accident. In 1913, Harry Brearley of Sheffield, England, was researching the development of new steel alloys for use in gun barrels – a study prompted by the poor performance of British guns in the Boer War.

Paslanmaz çelik, en az %10 krom içeren bir çelik alaşımıdır. Çelikler, paslanmaz çeliği oluşturan ve esas olarak karbon, demir ve silikondan oluşan ana bileşendir.

Although stainless steel is a set of metals bonded together, the properties of the mixture often differ from its constituent elements. It is resistant to corrosion from meats, dairy products and vegetables, but is vulnerable to attack by many chemicals.

Paslanmaz çelik, minimum %10,5 krom içeriğine sahip bir demir alaşımıdır.

Stainless steel is an excellent choice for cookware, utensils, sinks, faucets and other items around the home and workplace. The addition of molybdenum improves corrosion resistance, especially against chlorides and other industrial solvents. 316L Stainless Steel is used in the pharmaceutical and food industries where it is often necessary to minimize metallic contamination.

Types of Stainless Steel

Compared to other types of steel, stainless steel is more resistant to rust. But don't be fooled: Stainless steel is not completely immune to corrosion or rust. Here are what makes stainless steel corrosion resistant and the best ways to clean it and keep it looking like new.

The first stage: stainless steel smelting and refining. The second step: stainless steel casting precision. Next step: comprehensive performance tuning of stainless steel. Final stage: hot rolling, banding, cold rolling, heat treatment and finishing.


Paslanmaz çelik, minimum yaklaşık %11 krom içeren demir bazlı bir alaşımlar grubudur:demirin paslanmasını önleyen ve ayrıca ısıya dayanıklı özellikler sağlayan bir bileşim.:Paslanmaz çeliğin farklı türleri veya alaşımları vardır. belirli özellikleri en üst düzeye çıkarmak için formüle edilmiştir: örn., güç veya korozyon direnci. Paslanmaz çelikler sadece aletlerde ve pişirme kaplarında değil, aynı zamanda lavabolarda ve cerrahi ekipmanlarda da bulunur.

Stainless steel is factory-made metal used in a variety of industries, including automobiles, appliances, and construction. Stainless steel is created by combining chromium with carbon and iron to form a metal alloy.

nless çelik, minimum %10,5 krom içeren bir demir alaşımıdır. Çelikteki krom, metalin bütünlüğünü koruyan görünmez, korozyona dayanıklı bir film üretir. Pasif katman olarak adlandırılan bu koruma katmanı, daha fazla korozyonun çelik malzemeye yayılmasını önler.

Stainless steel types, ısı ve makine ile korozyona karşı dayanıklı olduğu bilinen bir paslanmaz çelik türüdür. Paslanmaz çelik, krom, karbon veya krom ve bazı durumlarda nikel içermeyen %60 demirden oluşur. Yüksek alaşım içeriğine sahip çeliğe paslanmaz çelik denir.

Stainless steels are ferrous alloys with a minimum of 10.5 chromium. Other alloying elements are added to improve their structure and properties such as formability, strength, and cryogenic toughness. These include metals such as nickel, molybdenum, titanium and copper. The material is a ferromagnetic steel. One feature that makes these steels identifiable on the market is the type of finish given to the material. There are five different surface finishes: –Annealed or heat treated –Hip removed –Quarto plate –No 1D finish or grind –2D finish or no grind –No 4 finish

Chromium steel chromium and nickel to form an invisible, sticky, wear-resistant chromium oxide film. These films are self-healing – even if scratched or removed from certain areas, they reshape within minutes and protect the underlying stainless steel. Passivation removes free iron from the surface and creates a sticky oxide layer that protects the steel from corrosion. Ferritic – ferritic stainless steels have a ferrite microstructure very similar to ordinary carbon steel as they are iron-chromium alloys with little or no nickel (2018).

It is a product that produces with different production methods. We offer you the varieties sold and produced in the market.

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